Posted on August 22, 2022

What is Dyslexia? What are four types of Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is not a disease; It is a condition. With progressive and repetitive clinical consulting, we can improve their life. Here is what you need to know about dyslexia.

Dyslexia is a learning disorder that involves difficulty reading due to problems identifying speech sounds and learning how they relate to letters and words (decoding).
If the treatment starts at a younger age, there is a higher chance of curing. But adult dyslexia can also be treated with the proper methods and helping exercises. Dyslexia treatments are customized with each patient as the symptoms and suffering differ from person to person. The vital point is you must consult a pediatric consultant as early as possible or in case you doubt symptoms in your kids. There are four types of dyslexia in common those are; Phonological dyslexia, surface dyslexia, rapid naming deficit, and double deficit dyslexia.

Phonological Dyslexia

Individuals with phonological dyslexia have the contrasting problem as surface dyslexics. These individuals can read using the whole word method but struggle with the sounding cut. Phonological dyslexics can read familiar terms but struggle with unfamiliar words or pronounceable non-words. Several studies have found that many phonological dyslexics have a good reading ability if the individual has developed an extensive vocabulary before having brain damage.

surface dyslexia

Distinguished by severe difficulty with whole word recognition. Sufferers would feel Unable to easily convert new words into ‘sight words’ but able to sound out words phonetically, even nonsense words, with regular spellings like but, or, and me. Extreme difficulty sounding out and words that do not sound like they are spelt like girls, tsunami or pretty (vs pity). Sometimes surface dyslexia is referred to as visual dyslexia. Most often, an acquired form of dyslexia can be as well developed as surface dyslexia.

Rapid naming deficit

Rapid automated naming (RAN) is characterized by difficulty quickly naming things such as numbers, letters, and colors on sight. It can take longer for them to name their order which is related to processing speed.

Double Deficit Dyslexia

The double deficit is referred to as dyslexics both have a weak phonological awareness and also a poor naming speed rate. Phonological weakness is very common, but sometimes you can teach a child to decode confidently, yet it never becomes automatic and fluent.

Although these look complicated, all of these conditions are treatable. You need to find specialist clinics that have got imminent experience in the sector and qualified doctors. You may contact Neurokids, the number one pediatric neurology clinic in UAE, for all dyslexia-related queries.